Below is a list of common abbreviations that are used in the blog posts. Many of the sources mentioned here are described more fully in the Glossary.

Hebrew Bible

Gen. = Genesis
Exod. = Exodus
Lev. = Leviticus
Num. = Numbers
Deut. = Deut
Josh. = Joshua
Judg. = Judges
1 Sam. = 1st Book of Samuel
2 Sam. = 2nd Book of Samuel
1 Kgs. = 1st Book of Kings
2 Kgs. = 2nd Book of Kings
Isa. = Isaiah
Jer. = Jeremiah
Ezek. = Ezekiel
Hos. = Hosea
Joel = Joel
Amos = Amos
Obad. = Obadiah
Jonah = Jonah
Mic. = Micah
Nah. = Nahum
Hab. = Habakkuk
Zeph. = Zephaniah
Hag. = Haggai
Zech. = Zechariah
Mal. = Malachi
Ps. = Psalms
Job = Job
Prov.= Proverbs
Ruth = Ruth
Song = Song of Songs (Song of Solomon)
Eccl. = Ecclesiastes (Qohelet)
Lam. = Lamentations
Esth. = Esther
Dan. = Daniel
Ezra = Ezra
Neh. = Nehemiah
1 Chr. = 1st Book of Chronicles
2 Chr. = 2nd Book of Chronicles
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New Testament

Matt. = Gospel of Matthew
Mark = Gospel of Mark
Luke = Gospel of Luke
John = Gospel of John
Acts = Acts of the Apostles
Rom. = Romans
1 Cor. = First Corinthians
2 Cor. = Second Corinthians
Gal. = Galatians
Eph. = Ephesians
Phil. = Philippians
Col. = Colossians
1 Thess. = 1st Thessalonians
2 Thess. = 2nd Thessalonians
1 Tim. = 1st Timothy
2 Tim. = 2nd Timothy
Titus = Titus
Phlm. = Philemon
Heb. = Hebrews
Jas. = James
1 Pet. = 1st Peter
2 Pet. = 2nd Peter
1 John = 1st John
2 John = 2nd John
3 John = 3rd John
Jude = Jude
Rev. = Revelation of John (Apocalypse of John)
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Works of Philo

Leg. = Allegorical Interpretation (Legum allegoriae)
Legat. = Embassy to Gaius (De Legatione ad Gaium)
Spec. Leg. = On the Special Laws (De specialibus legibus)
Vit. Mos. = On the Life of Moses (De vita Mosis)

Works of Josephus

Jos. = Josephus
Ant. = Antiquities of the Jews (Antiquitates judaicae)
Ap. = Against Apion (Contra Apionem)
Bel. = Jewish War (Bellum judaicum)
Vit. = Life (Vita)

Rabbinic Sources

Halakhic Texts

m. = Mishnah
t. = Tosefta
b. = Talmud Bavli (Babylonian Talmud)
y. = Talmud Yerushalmi (Jerusalem Talmud; Palestinian Talmud)

Each of the above sources is divided into the following tractates:

Ber. = Berachot
Peah = Peah
Dem. = Demai
Kil. = Kilayim
Shev. = Sheviit
Ter. = Terumot
Maas. = Maaserot
Maas. Sh. = Maaser Sheni
Hal. = Hallah
Orl. = Orlah
Bik. = Bikkurim
Shab. = Shabbat
Eruv. = Eruvin
Pes. = Pesahim
Shek. = Shekalim
Yom. = Yoma
Suk. = Sukkah
Betz. = Betzah
Rosh Hash. = Rosh Hashanah
Taan. = Taanit
Meg. = Megillah
Moed Kat. = Moed Katan
Hag. = Hagigah
Yev. = Yevamot
Ket. = Ketuvot
Ned. = Nedarim
Naz. = Nazir
Sot. = Sotah
Git. = Gittin
Kid. = Kiddushin
Bab. Kam. = Baba Kama
Bab. Metz. = Baba Metzia
Bab. Bat. = Baba Batra
Sanh. = Sanhedrin
Mak. = Makkot
Shevu. = Shevuot
Edu. = Eduyot
Avod. Zar. = Avodah Zarah
Avot = Avot
Hor. = Horayot
Zev. = Zevahim
Men. = Menahot
Hul. = Hullin
Bech. = Bechorot
Arach. = Arachin
Tem. = Temurah
Ker. = Keritot
Meil. = Meilah
Tam. = Tamid
Mid. = Middot
Kin. = Kinnim
Kel. = Kelim
Ohol. = Oholot
Neg. = Negaim
Par. = Parah
Toh. = Tohorot
Mik. = Mikvaot
Nid. = Niddah
Maksh. = Makshirin
Zav. = Zavim
Tev. Yom = Tevul Yom
Yad. = Yadayim
Ukz. = Ukzin

Expository Texts

Tannaic Midrash
Mech. Ish. = Mechilta de-Rabbi Ishmael
Sifra = Sifra
Sifre Num. = Sire Numbers
Sifre Deut. = Sifre Deuteronomy

Midrash Rabbah
Gen. Rab. = Genesis Rabbah
Exod. Rab. = Exodus Rabbah
Lev. Rab. = Leviticus Rabbah
Num. Rab. = Numbers Rabbah
Deut. Rab. = Deuteronomy Rabbah
Lam. Rab. = Lamentations Rabbah
Ruth Rab. = Ruth Rabbah
Eccl. Rab. = Ecclesiastes (Qohelet) Rabbah
Esth. Rab. = Esther Rabbah
Song Rab. = Song of Songs Rabbah

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